Microsoft® Visual Basic® Scripting Edition
Language Reference |
Declares the name, arguments, and code that form the body of a Sub procedure.
[Public | Private] Sub name [(arglist)]
The Sub statement syntax has these parts:
The arglist argument has the following syntax and parts:
Part Description Public Indicates that the Sub procedure is accessible to all other procedures in all scripts. Private Indicates that the Sub procedure is accessible only to other procedures in the script where it is declared. name Name of the Sub; follows standard variable naming conventions. arglist List of variables representing arguments that are passed to the Sub procedure when it is called. Multiple variables are separated by commas. statements Any group of statements to be executed within the body of the Sub procedure.
[ByVal | ByVal] varname[( )]
Part Description ByVal Indicates that the argument is passed by value. ByRef Indicates that the argument is passed by reference. varname Name of the variable representing the argument; follows standard variable naming conventions.
If not explicitly specified using either Public or Private, Sub procedures are public by default, that is, they are visible to all other procedures in your script. The value of local variables in a Sub procedure is not preserved between calls to the procedure.
All executable code must be contained in procedures. You can't define a Sub procedure inside another Sub or Function procedure.
The Exit Sub statement causes an immediate exit from a Sub procedure. Program execution continues with the statement following the statement that called the Sub procedure. Any number of Exit Sub statements can appear anywhere in a Sub procedure.
Like a Function procedure, a Sub procedure is a separate procedure that can take arguments, perform a series of statements, and change the value of its arguments. However, unlike a Function procedure, which returns a value, a Sub procedure can't be used in an expression.
You call a Sub procedure using the procedure name followed by the argument list. See the Call statement for specific information on how to call Sub procedures.
Variables used in Sub procedures fall into two categories: those that are explicitly declared within the procedure and those that are not. Variables that are explicitly declared in a procedure (using Dim or the equivalent) are always local to the procedure. Variables that are used but not explicitly declared in a procedure are also local unless they are explicitly declared at some higher level outside the procedure.
Caution Sub procedures can be recursive; that is, they can call themselves to perform a given task. However, recursion can lead to stack overflow.
Caution A procedure can use a variable that is not explicitly declared in the procedure, but a naming conflict can occur if anything you have defined at the script level has the same name. If your procedure refers to an undeclared variable that has the same name as another procedure, constant or variable, it is assumed that your procedure is referring to that script-level name. Explicitly declare variables to avoid this kind of conflict. You can use an Option Explicit statement to force explicit declaration of variables.